Top things to do at Sigiriya, Sri Lanka
When Kasyapa overthrew his father, the king of Sri Lanka, in the 5th century AD and had him entombed alive, he understandably became a little nervous about his own safety.
He was so concerned about his vengeful brother that he decided to move his newly acquired kingdom to the middle of the country, onto a volcanic rock 370 metres above sea level.
Today there are lots of top things to do at Sigiriya, also known as Lion’s Rock. It’s referred to by Sri Lankans as the Eighth Wonder of the World and has been declared a World Heritage-listed site by UNESCO. I’m about to find out why.
Sigiriya is located four hour’s drive northeast of the Sri Lankan capital Colombo. Before attempting the climb to the top of Lion’s Rock, we stroll through the extensive palace gardens, possibly the oldest landscaped gardens in the world.
We follow the central gravel path that meanders towards the Rock. The left side of the gardens features simple grassy slopes and trees whereas the right side consists of stone walls meticulously excavated, exposing ancient ponds and gravity-fed fountains that, incredibly, still work in the wet season. For hydraulics built 1600 years ago, the complexity is amazing.
Passing the many pools King Kasyapa had constructed for himself and his 500 wives (yep, I said 500) we reach the base of the Rock and begin the climb up. For a small cost the Sigiriya complex provides a personal guide for the climb, as well as child-carriers who literally carry your children up to the top for you. They seem to do it effortlessly too!
After giving up on counting steps at around 450, I realise this isn’t just your average mountain climb. I’m sweating profusely but totally in awe of how an ordinary man (and his servants) built into and on top of this rock all those centuries ago.
We reach Sigiriya’s ‘mirror wall’. It’s believed this wall was kept polished so that King Kasyapa could see his reflection in it. Today it bears graffiti dating from the 8th century, made up of intriguing inscriptions and poems.
Also intriguing are the frescoes that remain on the western side of Sigiriya. This side of the rock was almost entirely covered by frescoes and I can’t help but wonder how they managed to paint them so high up. No doubt the death toll was high.
Unfortunately most of the frescoes were removed by the monks who were gifted Sigiriya after King Kasyapa was killed. Yes, you guessed it. He was ultimately killed by his brother Moggallana, the rightful heir to the throne.
We approach the entrance to the palace complex and immediately understand why it was named Lion’s Rock. The entrance once featured an enormous lion carved into the rock. Most of it has been destroyed, however the two clawed paws remain and climbing up the steps between them feels surreal.
Reaching the peak of the Rock, I place my foot onto the top step (number 1,250 I believe). This is where the palace entrance once stood.
The view across the surrounding jungle is vast and I can understand why Kasyapa thought that living up here would be ideal. The hand-built bathing pools surrounding the palace would have accentuated the tropical paradise feel.
The palace was eventually destroyed by King Moggallana and Lion’s Rock was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century, when it was abandoned. It was rediscovered in 1831 and full excavations only began in the 1980’s. They continue today – uncovering a treasure chest of ancient Sri Lankan history.
Do you have any tips for top things to do at Sigiriya? We would love to hear from you. Please leave us a comment.
Additional images: Bigstock/Photodune
About the writer
Marianne Diaz is a research scientist by day and a freelance travel writer by night! She’s travelled to Sri Lanka to explore her children’s part-heritage and embarked on nerd-travel – travel for research to Japan, Bloomington, Chicago and Boston in the U.S. Her main aim is to get to the Italian Aeolian Islands one day with her whole family to check out the other half of her kids’ heritage (and her own). Marianne’s favourite travel love is exploring history-laden country towns, and the unique and intriguing landscapes of Australia. She believes there really is no place like home.