With stunning scenery, rich history and perhaps the friendliest people in the world, Portugal is hitting the radar of travellers far and wide.
While fascinating capital Lisbon is at the top of every visitor’s to-do list, there’s so much to see in regional Portugal — so leave enough time in your itinerary to explore further afield.
Here’s a list of ten top things to do in Portugal.
Trying port wine is a given on any trip to Portugal, but better still, pay a visit to the stunning Douro Valley — home to hundreds of vineyards and wineries. If you are staying in the northern city of Porto, you can reach the valley by taking a cruise up the Douro River from Vila Nova de Gaia. Return by train for an alternative view of the landscape.
Guimarães is often referred to as Portugal’s birthplace. It was the country’s former capital and the city where Portugal’s first independent king — Afonso Henriques — was born. The historic architecture here dates back to the 10th century and includes a medieval castle, several churches (such as the famous Igreja de São Francisco — clad with Portugal’s famed blue and white tiles), and the Alberto Sampaio Museum. Here you can view an extensive collection of religious art. Guimarães is located 50 minutes’ drive northeast of Porto.
If you find yourself in Porto or Lisbon in mid-June, you may find it hard not to get caught up in the festivities of Saint John and Saint Anthony respectively. The tradition of celebrating each city’s patron saint is alive and well. Locals pour out onto the streets on festival night to barbecue sardines, enjoy live music performances and fireworks displays, and party long into the night.
You can barely walk a few metres in this country without seeing rows of delicious looking Portuguese custard tarts — Pastéis de Nata — staring back at you from a café window. However, the original Portuguese tart is actually the Pasteis de Belém, which originated in its namesake district just outside Lisbon’s city centre. Creamy on the inside and flaky on the outside, these tarts can impress even the most savoury palate.
The walled medieval city of Évora is a UNESCO World Heritage-listed site and can be visited as a day trip from Lisbon. The Praça do Giraldo (Giraldo Square) sits at the heart of the city and boasts wonderful gothic architecture and a bustling café scene. This was actually once an execution ground. The city is also home to a Roman temple dating back to the first century BC.Ten top things to do in Portugal: Visit Évora. Image: Emily McAuliffe
As Europe’s westernmost country, Portugal is blessed with long stretches of beach and dramatic shoreline cliffs. The Algarve region in the south rates highly among beach-loving locals and foreigners alike, however more secluded and equally beautiful beaches can be found in the Alentejo region closer to the centre. Just a heads up — Portugal’s coastal waters are known to be nippy all year round, so expect your dips to be brief and refreshing!
Portugal is a haven for seafood lovers. In coastal areas like Matosinhos in Porto, you’ll find rows of barbecues along the footpath where the day’s catch is cooked over smoking coals. Make sure you try gooseneck barnacles — a juicy national delicacy scraped from rocks and nicely matched with a Portuguese vinho verde (green wine).
With its many beaches and Mediterranean climate, Portugal is generally considered a summer playground. However, if you head inland, you’ll find the country’s highest mountain range, Serra da Estrela, complete with a winter ski resort. The surrounding national park is the largest protected natural area in Portugal and features a series of marked hiking trails.
Fado is a style of traditional Portuguese music, which dates back to the nineteenth century. The genre is known for being intensely emotive, and songs typically convey feelings of hardship and loss. Fado usually consists of a male or female vocalist backed by a small stringed ensemble, and you can find shows in many Portuguese bars and restaurants.
The Azores is an autonomous region of Portugal, made up of nine islands surrounded by the clear blue water of the North Atlantic Ocean. Here you can cycle, hike, surf and kayak. The islands are also famous for bird and whale watching. A number of airlines fly to the Azores from Lisbon and Porto, and ferry services operate between the islands.
Do you have any suggestions to add to our list of ten top things to do in Portugal? We would love to hear from you. Please leave a comment below.
Additional images: Bigstock
Emily McAuliffe is an Australian travel writer and photographer based in Portugal. Her work has featured in national publications such as the Qantas, Jetstar and Tigerair inflight magazines, Get Up & Go and Women’s Fitness. Visit Emily’s blog for more inspiring Portuguese travel stories.